Tuesday, June 5, 2012

The Architectural Graduation Project - September 1997


بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
United Arab Emirates University
Faculty of Engineering
Department of Architecture
The Architectural Graduation Project
September 1997
Dr. Yasser Osman Moharam Mahgoub

Introduction

The Graduation Project is considered the vehicle of demonstrating the students accumulation of knowledge and experiences throughout his/her undergraduate education in the department of architecture. All the students education including lectures, studio work, practical training, field trips, seminars, etc. are reflected in his/her graduation project. It is the last step in preparing the student for professional practice after graduation. It also requires continuos work and commitment to achieve the required goals.
It is recommended that the selected project be an actual project needed by the country and listed in its future plans. This reflects the obligation of the university to service the community. It is also important that students do not select graduation projects that were designed by other students during the last year or projects designed during their design studios. Students should be encouraged to select new topics and involve other departments and disciplines in the development of design problems and solutions.

Description

The graduation project is a comprehensive project that reflects the student’s accumulated knowledge and skills in architectural design, planning, building construction, landscape architecture, and other subjects related to his/her architectural education. The project should confront a real problem in the United Arab Emirates in the area of architectural design, urban design and urban planning. The end product is composed of architectural drawings, oral presentations to a jury committee and a written report. The project is composed of two parts:

Graduation Project 1

Graduation Project 1 is a one semester course of 3 Credit Hours. During Graduation Project 1, the student collects information, statistics, selects site, and develops the architectural program. At The end of this stage the student is required to present to a jury committee a preliminary project that illustrates the process of his/her site selection, program development, and design ideas.

Graduation Project 2

Graduation Project 2 is a one semester course of 5 Credit Hours. During Graduation Project 2, students develop their preliminary design ideas into a full architectural project including architectural drawings, models, and final report.
The goal of Graduation Project is to train students to deal with architectural design problems from a practical and comprehensive point of view starting from problem definition, context analysis, function and utility requirements study, and structural and aesthetic considerations. The student should progress through different design phases and suggest solutions and implementation strategies. The Graduation project is a comprehensive experience similar to professional practice after graduation.

Phases and Activities of Graduation Project

Under the supervision of course instructor, the student is required to undertake the following activities according to a specific time schedule:

1. Selection of an Appropriate Architectural Design Problem

The student should work on selecting an appropriate architectural or planning problem from his/her community or city during the vacation proceeding the semester of his/her Graduation Project 1. The problems should be appropriate for his graduation project in order to achieve a high level of reality and direct benefit to his/her community. The student should collect all relevant data and statistics from municipalities and city planning departments. Whenever possible, the student should also visit projects similar to his/her project in size and function in order to estimate the amount of effort and work required to design the project. The student should submit suggestions and discuss them with his/her instructor in the beginning of the semester.

2. Selection of Appropriate Site

Students are required to select several sites for the project and conduct comprehensive evaluation to select the most appropriate site. The student should collect maps, information and pictures from sites visits and any other information useful for comparing between available sites. The student should select with his/her advisor the appropriate site according evaluation, comparison, and site visits.

3. Literature Review

The student should undertake a comprehensive literature review of the topic of his project in reference books, text books, periodicals, magazines, and newspapers. This literature survey forms the academic base upon which the student depends for calculating and developing his program requirements. The student should collect and study most recent examples similar to his project. The study should include detailed analysis of all aspects of design in order to prepare the student for his/her project development from an architectural program to design alternatives suitable for the site and context.

4. Preparation of the Architectural Program

The student should prepare a comprehensive architectural program that includes definition of functions, activities, utilities, areas, volumes. The suitable size of Graduation Project is around 10,000 m² of usable area. The program should be relevant to the needs of the owner and expected users, and consistent with architectural theories and design data. The program should respect local and international standards. The student should work with his/her advisor to calculate the required areas in relation to the physical, environmental, and social context. The program is presented in the form of functions, areas, and relationships.

5. Development of Architectural Design Alternatives

The student is expected to work on transforming his/her project program into design alternatives and ideas relevant to the selected site. This phase ends with selection of appropriate design ideas according to a reasonable evaluation process. The student should follow a clear design process such as BASED design process. Design should be seen as an organized process of transforming architectural program of needs into a three dimensional configuration of space suitable for execution through several linear and non-linear design decision stages.

6. Preparation of Preliminary Project

At the end of Graduation Project 1, students are required to present a preliminary report of their activities and achievements throughout the semester to a jury committee including the following items:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       One- Program development and analysis
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Two- Site selection and analysis
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Three- Examples presentation and analysis
                                                                                                                                                                                           Four- Alternatives development, evaluation and selection
                                                                                                                                                                                          Five- Preliminary project development and a study model

7. Development of Final project, report and model

At the end of Graduation 2, students are required to present to a jury committee a final architectural project that reflects his/her skills and expertise throughout undergraduate education. The final project should include the following items:
                                                                                     One- Complete architectural drawings (studies, layout, plans, elevations, sections, perspectives, etc.)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Two- Model of the final project
                                                                                                                                                                                                   Three- Final report describing all the above design process.
(See appendices for details.)

Evaluation of the Graduation Project

The Graduation Project is evaluated by an jury committee twice per semester during each phase. The first jury is held after selection of project title, contents and site. It includes presentation of similar examples. This jury is to insure the student of his/her proper selection of the project size, contents, and site. The second jury is held at the end of Graduation Project 1 to evaluate the student’s development of program and design ideas. The third jury is held after completion of final drawings of the project during Graduation Project 2. The final jury is held at the end of Graduation 2 after completion of drawings, model and final report.
The evaluation is based on the following items:
                                                                                                                                                                                               1.   Design General Aspects: Program analysis and Site fitting
                                                                                                                                                                                                     2.   Design Functionality: Space utilization and Circulation
                                                                                                                                                                          3.   Design Form and Expression: Compositional and spatial aspects
                                                                                                                                    4.   Technical Considerations: Environmental respectability and Structural stability
                                                                                                              5.   Presentation: Graphical and oral presentations of the project, models and written report

Grading

Grading is based on the following:
First Jury                       15 %
Second Jury                  35%
Class work                    50%

Appendix 1: The Final Drawings

The final drawings should be presented on A0 sheets including (at least) the following items:
                                                                                                                                                               One- Studies and analysis of site and program with an appropriate scale
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Two- The layout scale 1:400
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Three- Plans scale 1:200
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Four- Sections and Elevations 1:200
                                                                                                                                                                                   Five- Interior and Exterior perspectives with an appropriate scale
                                                                                Six- The final model should be made by the student using simple material and techniques scale.1:400
The project should be presented and arranged in a professional form. All the accumulated skills in drafting, shade and shadow, perspective, and computer presentation should be demonstrated in the final project. The student should put effort in arranging and presenting their project imitating professional architectural offices.

Appendix 2: The Final report

The report should include the following:
1. Introduction
2. Description of the project and its goals
3. Analysis of similar local and international examples
4. The Final Project
4.1. Need
Project program and definition of the design problem
Functions, relationships, areas, and volumes.
                4.2. Context
                                Site selection and analysis.
                                Environmental analysis
                4.3. Form
                                Design alternatives and design decisions
                                The proposed design idea
Structural and specialized studies
5. Drawings and pictures of the final model

Appendix 3: The Project File

The project file is an important tool to document the development and progress of design ideas. It also facilitates the preparation of the final report. The project file is a large folder that is divided into the following sections:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1.   Program
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               2.   Site
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              3.   Examples
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        4.   Design Data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       5.   Design ideas

United Arab Emirates University
Faculty of Engineering - Department of Architecture
The Graduation Project - September 1997
Time-schedule

Graduation Project 1
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
Week
















Problem definition
















Literature and examples
















Site selection and analysis
















Program development
















Alternatives development
















Preliminary project
2









1





Jury

Graduation Project 2
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
Week
















Design development
















Preparation of final drawings
















Presentation of drawings
















Preparation of final model
















Preparation of final report
2








1






Jury